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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 ________________________________
 FORM 10-Q
________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED June 30, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 1-39628
 ________________________________
 PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 _________________________________
Georgia
85-2484385
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I. R. S. Employer
Identification No.)
256 W. Data DriveDraper,Utah84020-2315
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(385) 351-1369
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.50 Par ValuePRGNew York Stock Exchange

Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 ___________________________________

    Indicate by check mark whether registrant (l) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of l934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes     No  
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes     No 
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definition of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated Filer
Non-Accelerated Filer(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No 
    Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Title of Each Class
Shares Outstanding as of
July 21, 2023
Common Stock, $0.50 Par Value45,710,332

1


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
INDEX
 
2


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
(In Thousands, Except Share Data)
ASSETS:
Cash and Cash Equivalents$252,838 $131,880 
Accounts Receivable (net of allowances of $65,544 in 2023 and $69,264 in 2022)
53,249 64,521 
Lease Merchandise (net of accumulated depreciation and allowances of $455,912 in 2023 and $467,355 in 2022)
548,886 648,043 
Loans Receivable (net of allowances and unamortized fees of $49,071 in 2023 and $53,635 in 2022)
122,812 130,966 
Property and Equipment, Net23,655 23,852 
Operating Lease Right-of-Use Assets10,585 11,875 
Goodwill296,061 296,061 
Other Intangibles, Net102,964 114,411 
Income Tax Receivable19,606 18,864 
Deferred Income Tax Assets2,852 2,955 
Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets49,549 48,481 
Total Assets$1,483,057 $1,491,909 
LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses$130,841 $135,025 
Deferred Income Tax Liabilities115,968 137,261 
Customer Deposits and Advance Payments32,633 37,074 
Operating Lease Liabilities18,350 21,122 
Debt591,616 590,966 
Total Liabilities 889,408 921,448 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 4)
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:
Common Stock, Par Value $0.50 Per Share: Authorized: 225,000,000 Shares at June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022; Shares Issued: 82,078,654 at June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022
41,039 41,039 
Additional Paid-in Capital343,016 338,814 
Retained Earnings1,239,486 1,154,235 
1,623,541 1,534,088 
Less: Treasury Shares at Cost
Common Stock: 36,368,322 Shares at June 30, 2023 and 34,044,102 at December 31, 2022
(1,029,892)(963,627)
Total Shareholders’ Equity593,649 570,461 
Total Liabilities & Shareholders’ Equity$1,483,057 $1,491,909 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
3


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023202220232022
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Data)
REVENUES:
Lease Revenues and Fees$574,839 $631,344 $1,211,921 $1,324,258 
Interest and Fees on Loans Receivable18,007 18,100 36,065 35,650 
592,846 649,444 1,247,986 1,359,908 
COSTS AND EXPENSES:
Depreciation of Lease Merchandise384,874 439,113 820,313 936,124 
Provision for Lease Merchandise Write-offs40,965 61,788 79,329 112,118 
Operating Expenses107,710 111,606 212,969 225,264 
533,549 612,507 1,112,611 1,273,506 
OPERATING PROFIT 59,297 36,937 135,375 86,402 
Interest Expense, Net(7,283)(9,608)(15,774)(19,237)
EARNINGS BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE52,014 27,329 119,601 67,165 
INCOME TAX EXPENSE 14,796 7,845 34,350 20,546 
NET EARNINGS $37,218 $19,484 $85,251 $46,619 
EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic$0.80 $0.37 $1.81 $0.86 
Assuming Dilution$0.79 $0.37 $1.79 $0.86 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING:
Basic46,474 52,880 47,160 54,134 
Assuming Dilution46,896 52,961 47,514 54,326 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
4



PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
Six Months Ended
June 30,
20232022
(In Thousands)
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net Earnings$85,251 $46,619 
Adjustments to Reconcile Net Earnings to Cash Provided by Operating Activities:
Depreciation of Lease Merchandise820,313 936,124 
Other Depreciation and Amortization15,895 17,021 
Provisions for Accounts Receivable and Loan Losses161,237 201,980 
Stock-Based Compensation12,260 9,040 
Deferred Income Taxes(21,190)(696)
Non-Cash Lease Expense(1,482)549 
Other Changes, Net(2,506)(3,748)
Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities:
Additions to Lease Merchandise(803,250)(951,751)
Book Value of Lease Merchandise Sold or Disposed82,096 114,427 
Accounts Receivable(132,460)(188,921)
Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets(857)(5,216)
Income Tax Receivable and Payable(44)(571)
Operating Lease Right-of-Use Assets and Liabilities (401)
Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses(5,442)(9,841)
Customer Deposits and Advance Payments(4,441)(8,873)
Cash Provided by Operating Activities205,380 155,742 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Investments in Loans Receivable(90,746)(92,741)
Proceeds from Loans Receivable84,491 76,244 
Outflows on Purchases of Property and Equipment(4,388)(5,494)
Proceeds from Property and Equipment13 17 
Proceeds from Acquisitions of Businesses 7 
Cash Used in Investing Activities(10,630)(21,967)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Acquisition of Treasury Stock(71,836)(176,475)
Tender Offer Shares Repurchased and Retired 199 
Issuance of Stock Under Stock Option Plans606 663 
Shares Withheld for Tax Payments(2,533)(2,516)
Debt Issuance Costs(29)1,535 
Cash Used in Financing Activities(73,792)(176,594)
Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents120,958 (42,819)
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period131,880 170,159 
Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period$252,838 $127,340 
Net Cash Paid During the Period:
Interest$18,531 $17,085 
Income Taxes$53,624 $19,475 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
5


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1. BASIS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Description of Business
PROG Holdings, Inc. ("we," "our," "us," the "Company," or "PROG Holdings") is a financial technology holding company that provides transparent and competitive payment options to consumers. PROG Holdings has two reportable segments: (i) Progressive Leasing, an in-store, app-based, and e-commerce point-of-sale lease-to-own solutions provider; and (ii) Vive Financial ("Vive"), an omnichannel provider of second-look revolving credit products.
Our Progressive Leasing segment provides consumers with lease-purchase solutions through its point-of-sale partner locations and e-commerce website partners in the United States (collectively, "POS partners"). It does so by purchasing merchandise from the POS partners desired by customers and, in turn, leasing that merchandise to the customers through a cancellable lease-to-own transaction. Progressive Leasing has no stores of its own, but rather offers lease-purchase solutions to the customers of traditional and e-commerce retailers.
Our Vive segment primarily serves customers that may not qualify for traditional prime lending offers who desire to purchase goods and services from participating merchants. Vive offers customized programs, with services that include revolving loans through private label and Vive-branded credit cards. Vive's current network of POS partner locations and e-commerce websites includes furniture, mattresses, home exercise equipment, and home improvement retailers, as well as medical and dental service providers.
PROG Holdings’ ecosystem of financial technology offerings also includes Four Technologies, Inc. ("Four"), an innovative Buy Now, Pay Later ("BNPL") company that allows shoppers to pay for merchandise through four interest-free installments. Shoppers use Four to purchase furniture, clothing, electronics, health and beauty products, footwear, jewelry, and other consumer goods from retailers across the United States. Four is not a reportable segment for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2023 as its financial results are not material to the Company's condensed consolidated financial results.
Basis of Presentation
The preparation of the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in these condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Management does not believe these estimates or assumptions will change significantly in the future absent unidentified and unforeseen events, such as the possible direct or indirect impacts associated with the rate of inflation, increasing unemployment rates, the resumption of student loan repayments, and/or a prolonged recession in the United States.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all information required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 (the "2022 Annual Report") filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission on February 22, 2023. The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of operating results for the full year.
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of PROG Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries, each of which is wholly-owned. Intercompany balances and transactions between consolidated entities have been eliminated.
Accounting Policies and Estimates
See Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements in the 2022 Annual Report for an expanded discussion of accounting policies and estimates.
6


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Earnings Per Share
Earnings per share is computed by dividing net earnings by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. The computation of earnings per share assuming dilution includes the dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock units ("RSUs"), restricted stock awards ("RSAs"), performance share units ("PSUs") and awards issuable under the Company's employee stock purchase plan ("ESPP") (collectively, "share-based awards") as determined under the treasury stock method. The following table shows the calculation of dilutive share-based awards:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(Shares In Thousands)2023202220232022
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding46,474 52,880 47,160 54,134 
Dilutive Effect of Share-Based Awards422 81 354 192 
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding Assuming Dilution46,896 52,961 47,514 54,326 
Approximately 818,000 and 1,013,000 weighted-average share-based awards were excluded from the computation of earnings per share assuming dilution during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as the awards would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented.
Approximately 1,546,000 and 1,316,000 weighted-average share-based awards were excluded from the computation of earnings per share assuming dilution during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, as the awards would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented.
Revenue Recognition
Lease Revenues and Fees
Progressive Leasing provides merchandise, consisting primarily of furniture, appliances, electronics, jewelry, mobile phones and accessories, mattresses, automobile electronics and accessories, and a variety of other products, to its customers for lease under terms agreed to by the customer. Progressive Leasing offers customers of traditional and e-commerce retailers a lease-purchase solution through leases with payment terms that can generally be renewed up to 12 months. Progressive Leasing does not require deposits upon inception of customer agreements. The customer has the right to acquire ownership either through early buyout options or through payment of all required lease payments. The agreements are cancellable at any time by either party without penalty.
All of Progressive Leasing's customer agreements are considered operating leases. The Company maintains ownership of the lease merchandise until all payment obligations are satisfied under the lease ownership agreements. Initial lease payments made by the customer upon lease execution are recognized as deferred revenue and are amortized as lease revenue over the estimated lease term on a straight-line basis. Initial lease payments and other payments collected in advance of being due or earned are recognized as deferred revenue within customer deposits and advance payments in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. All other customer lease billings are earned prior to the lease payment due date and are recorded net of related sales taxes as earned. Payment due date terms include weekly, bi-weekly, semi-monthly and monthly frequencies. Revenue recorded prior to the payment due date results in unbilled receivables recognized in accounts receivable, net of allowances, in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Lease revenues are recorded net of a provision for uncollectible renewal payments.
Initial direct costs related to lease purchase agreements are capitalized as incurred and amortized as operating expense over the estimated lease term. The capitalized costs have been classified within prepaid expenses and other assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Interest and Fees on Loans Receivable
Interest and fees on loans receivable is primarily generated from our Vive segment. Vive extends or declines credit to an applicant through its bank partners based upon the applicant's credit rating and other factors. Qualifying applicants are approved for a specified maximum revolving credit card line to finance their initial purchase and to use in subsequent purchases at the merchant or other participating merchants for an initial 24-month period, which Vive may renew if the cardholder remains in good standing.
Vive acquires the loan receivable from its third-party bank partners at a discount from the face value of the loan. The discount is comprised of a merchant fee discount and a promotional fee discount, if applicable.
7


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The merchant fee discount represents a pre-negotiated, nonrefundable discount that generally ranges from 3% to 25% of the loan face value. The discount is designed to cover the risk of loss related to the portfolio of cardholder charges and Vive's direct origination costs. The merchant fee discount and origination costs are presented net in the condensed consolidated balance sheets in loans receivable. Cardholders generally have an initial 24-month period that the card is active. The merchant fee discount, net of the origination costs, is amortized on a net basis and is recorded as interest and fees on loans receivable in the condensed consolidated statements of earnings on a straight-line basis over the initial 24-month period. If the loan receivable is paid off or charged off during the 24-month period, the remaining net merchant fee discount is recognized as interest and fees on loans receivable at that time.
The discount from the face value of the loan on the acquisition of the loan receivable from the merchant through the third-party bank partners may also include a promotional fee discount, which generally ranges from 1% to 8%. The promotional fee discount is intended to compensate the holder of the loan receivable (i.e., Vive) for deferred or reduced interest rates that are offered to the cardholder for a specified period on the outstanding loan balance (generally for six, 12 or 18 months). The promotional fee discount is amortized as interest and fees on loans receivable in the condensed consolidated statements of earnings on a straight-line basis over the promotional interest period (i.e., over six, 12 or 18 months, depending on the promotion). If the loan receivable is paid off or charged off prior to the expiration of the promotional period, the remaining promotional fee discount is recognized as interest and fees on loans receivable at that time. The unamortized promotional fee discount is presented net within loans receivable in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The customer is typically required to make monthly minimum payments of at least 3.5% of the outstanding loan balance, which includes outstanding interest. Fixed and variable interest rates, typically 27% to 35.99%, are compounded daily for cards that do not qualify for deferred or reduced interest promotional periods. Interest income, which is recognized based upon the amount of the loans outstanding, is recognized as interest and fees on loans receivable when earned if collectibility is reasonably assured. For credit cards that provide deferred interest, if the balance is not paid off during the promotional period or if the cardholder defaults, interest is billed to the customers at standard rates and the cumulative amount owed is charged to the cardholder account in the month that the promotional period expires. The Company recognizes interest revenue during the promotional period based on its historical experience related to cardholders that fail to pay off balances during the promotional period if collectibility is reasonably assured.
Annual fees are charged to cardholders at the commencement of the loan and on each subsequent anniversary date. Annual fees are deferred and recognized into revenue on a straight-line basis over a one-year period. Under the provisions of the credit card agreements, Vive also may assess fees for missed or late payments, which are recognized as revenue in the billing period in which they are assessed if collectibility is reasonably assured. Annual fees and other fees are recognized as interest and fees on loans receivable in the condensed consolidated statements of earnings.
Accounts Receivable
Accounts receivable consist primarily of receivables due from customers of Progressive Leasing and amounted to $53.2 million and $64.5 million, net of allowances, as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.
The Company maintains an accounts receivable allowance, which primarily relates to its Progressive Leasing operations and, to a lesser extent, receivables from Vive's POS partners. The Company’s policy is to record an allowance for uncollectible renewal payments based on historical collection experience. Other qualitative factors, such as current and forecasted business trends, are considered in estimating the allowance. Given the significant uncertainty regarding the impacts of inflation, higher interest rates, the resumption of student loan repayments, and/or unemployment rates on our business, a high level of estimation was involved in determining the allowance as of June 30, 2023. Therefore, actual future accounts receivable write-offs may differ materially from the allowance. If the significant increase in inflation that began during 2022 continues in future periods, or if the current level of inflation does not decrease, such developments may further adversely impact certain customers' ability to continue to make payments to the Company. The provision for uncollectible renewal payments is recorded as a reduction of lease revenues and fees within the condensed consolidated statements of earnings. For customer lease agreements that are past due, the Company's policy is to write off lease receivables after 120 days.
8


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Vive's allowance for uncollectible merchant accounts receivable, which primarily relates to cardholder returns and refunds, and is an immaterial amount related to Vive's bad debt expense, is recorded within operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of earnings. See below for a discussion of Vive's loans receivable and related allowance for loan losses.
The following table shows the components of the accounts receivable allowance:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(In Thousands)2023202220232022
Beginning Balance$65,170 $76,507 $69,264 $71,233 
Net Book Value of Accounts Written Off(83,135)(100,809)(169,198)(193,742)
Recoveries9,727 9,228 21,746 18,887 
Accounts Receivable Provision73,782 96,972 143,732 185,520 
Ending Balance$65,544 $81,898 $65,544 $81,898 
Lease Merchandise
Progressive Leasing's merchandise consists primarily of furniture, appliances, electronics, jewelry, mobile phones and accessories, mattresses, automobile electronics and accessories, and a variety of other products, and is recorded at the lower of depreciated cost or net realizable value. Progressive Leasing depreciates lease merchandise to a 0% salvage value generally over 12 months. Depreciation is accelerated upon early buyout. All of Progressive Leasing's merchandise, net of accumulated depreciation and allowances, represents on-lease merchandise.
The Company records a provision for write-offs using the allowance method. The allowance method for lease merchandise write-offs estimates the merchandise losses incurred but not yet identified by management as of the end of the accounting period based on historical write-off experience. Other qualitative factors, such as current and forecasted customer payment trends, are considered in estimating the allowance. Given the significant uncertainty regarding the impacts of inflation, higher interest rates, the resumption of student loan repayments, and/or unemployment rates on our business, a high level of estimation was involved in determining the allowance as of June 30, 2023. Actual lease merchandise write-offs may differ materially from the allowance as of June 30, 2023. If the significant increase in the rate of inflation that began during 2022 continues in future periods, or if the current level of inflation does not decrease, such developments may further adversely impact our customers' ability to continue to make payments to the Company. For customer lease agreements that are past due, the Company's policy is to write off lease merchandise after 120 days.
The following table shows the components of the allowance for lease merchandise write-offs, which is included within lease merchandise, net in the condensed consolidated balance sheets:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(In Thousands)2023202220232022
Beginning Balance$47,945 $59,947 $47,118 $54,367 
Net Book Value of Merchandise Written off(41,151)(53,432)(80,583)(100,566)
Recoveries1,720 2,276 3,615 4,660 
Provision for Write-offs40,965 61,788 79,329 112,118 
Ending Balance$49,479 $70,579 $49,479 $70,579 
Vendor Incentives and Rebates Provided to POS Partners
Progressive Leasing has agreements with some of its POS partners that require additional consideration to be paid to the POS partner, including payments for exclusivity, rebates based on lease volume originations generated through the POS partners, and payments to the POS partners for marketing or other development initiatives to promote additional lease originations through these POS partners. Payments made to POS partners as consideration for them providing exclusivity to Progressive Leasing for lease-to-own transactions with customers of the POS partner are expensed on a straight-line basis over the exclusivity term. Rebates are accrued over the period the POS partner is earning the rebate, which is typically based on quarterly or annual lease origination volumes. Payments made to POS partners for marketing or development initiatives are expensed on a straight-line basis over the period the POS partner is earning the funds or the specified marketing term. Progressive Leasing expensed $7.6 million and $14.4 million for such additional consideration to POS partners, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, compared to $6.3 million and $12.8 million during the three and six months
9


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
ended June 30, 2022. Expenses related to additional consideration provided to POS partners are classified within operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of earnings.
Loans Receivable, Net
Gross loans receivable primarily represents the principal balances of credit card charges at Vive's participating merchants that remain due from cardholders, plus unpaid interest and fees due from cardholders. The allowance and unamortized fees represent uncollectible amounts; merchant fee discounts, net of capitalized origination costs; promotional fee discounts; and deferred annual card fees. Loans receivable, net, also includes $2.9 million and $5.3 million of outstanding receivables from customers of Four as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.
Economic conditions and loan performance trends are closely monitored to manage and evaluate exposure to credit risk. Trends in delinquency rates are an indicator of credit risk within the loans receivable portfolio, including the migration of loans between delinquency categories over time. Charge-off rates represent another indicator of the potential for future credit losses. The risk in the loans receivable portfolio is correlated with broad economic trends, such as current and projected unemployment rates, stock market volatility, and changes in medium and long-term risk-free rates, which are considered in determining the allowance for loan losses and can have a material effect on credit performance.
Expected lifetime losses on loans receivable are recognized upon loan acquisition, which requires the Company to make its best estimate of probable lifetime losses at the time of acquisition. Vive's credit card loans do not have contractually stated maturity dates, which requires the Company to estimate an average life of loan by analyzing historical payment trends to determine an expected remaining life of the loan balance. The Company segments its loans receivable portfolio into homogenous pools by Fair Isaac and Company ("FICO") score and by delinquency status and evaluates loans receivable collectively for impairment when similar risk characteristics exist.
The Company calculates Vive's allowance for loan losses based on internal historical loss information and incorporates observable and forecasted macroeconomic data over a twelve-month reasonable and supportable forecast period. Incorporating macroeconomic data could have a material impact on the measurement of the allowance to the extent that forecasted data changes significantly, such as higher forecasted inflation and unemployment rates. Subsequent to the twelve-month reasonable and supportable forecast period described above, the Company reverts to using historical loss information on a straight-line basis over a six-month period. For the remaining life of the portfolio, the Company utilizes historical loss information. The Company may also consider other qualitative factors in estimating the allowance, as necessary. For the purposes of determining the allowance as of June 30, 2023, management considered qualitative factors such as the impact of the rapid increase in the rate of inflation that began during 2022 and remained high through early 2023, the more recent declines in inflation rates, as well as the beneficial impact of government stimulus measures to the Company's customer base in 2020 and 2021. The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level considered appropriate to cover expected future losses of principal, interest and fees on active loans in the loans receivable portfolio. The appropriateness of the allowance is evaluated at each period end. To the extent that actual results differ from estimates of uncollectible loans receivable, due to the volatility of inflation, forecasted higher unemployment rates, and/or the resumption of student loan repayments in October 2023, the Company's results of operations and liquidity may be materially affected.
Vive's delinquent loans receivable includes those that are 30 days or more past due based on their contractual billing dates. Vive's loans receivable are placed on nonaccrual status when they are greater than 90 days past due or upon notification of cardholder bankruptcy, death or fraud. The Company discontinues accruing interest and fees and amortizing merchant fee discounts and promotional fee discounts for Vive's loans receivable in nonaccrual status. Loans receivable are removed from nonaccrual status when cardholder payments resume, the loan becomes 90 days or less past due and collection of the remaining amounts outstanding is deemed probable. Payments received on nonaccrual loans are allocated according to the same payment hierarchy methodology applied to loans that are accruing interest. Loans receivable are charged off no later than the end of the following month after the billing cycle in which the loans receivable become 120 days past due.
Vive extends or declines credit to an applicant through its bank partners based upon the applicant's credit rating and other factors. Below is a summary of the credit quality of the Company's loan portfolio as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 by FICO score as determined at the time of loan origination:
FICO Score CategoryJune 30, 2023December 31, 2022
600 or Less6.9 %6.9 %
Between 600 and 70078.0 %75.4 %
700 or Greater12.9 %13.4 %
No Score Identified2.2 %4.3 %
10


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets
Prepaid expenses and other assets consist of the following:
(In Thousands)June 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Prepaid Expenses$20,880 $18,845 
Prepaid Lease Merchandise7,363 10,134 
Prepaid Software Expenses9,097 7,022 
Unamortized Initial Direct Costs on Lease Agreement Originations5,573 6,016 
Other Assets6,636 6,464 
Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets$49,549 $48,481 
The Company incurs costs to implement cloud computing arrangements ("CCA") that are hosted by third-party vendors. Implementation costs associated with CCA are capitalized when incurred during the application development phase and are recorded within prepaid software expenses above. Amortization is calculated on a straight-line basis over the contractual term of the arrangement and is included within computer software expense as a component of operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of earnings.
Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
Accounts payable and accrued expenses consist of the following:
(In Thousands)June 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Accounts Payable$8,967 $14,386 
Accrued Salaries and Benefits23,914 21,366 
Accrued Sales and Personal Property Taxes13,202 13,517 
Income Taxes Payable1,985 1,287 
Uncertain Tax Positions1
53,003 51,110 
Accrued Vendor Rebates5,317 9,320 
Other Accrued Expenses and Liabilities24,453 24,039 
Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses$130,841 $135,025 
1 The uncertain tax positions as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 are primarily related to the Company’s tax treatment of the $175.0 million settlement payment made in 2020 to the FTC as discussed in Note 10 and Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements in the 2022 Annual Report.
Debt
On November 24, 2020, the Company entered into a credit agreement with a consortium of lenders providing for a $350.0 million senior revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Facility"), under which revolving borrowings became available at the completion of the separation and distribution transaction through which the Company's historical Aaron's Business segment was spun-off into a separate company, and under which all borrowings and commitments will mature or terminate on November 24, 2025. The Company expects that the Revolving Facility will be used to provide for working capital and capital expenditures, to finance future permitted acquisitions, and for other general corporate purposes. If the Company's total net debt to EBITDA ratio as defined by the Revolving Facility exceeds 1.25, the Revolving Facility becomes fully secured for the remaining duration of the Revolving Facility term. As of June 30, 2022, the Company exceeded the 1.25 total net debt to EBITDA ratio and the Revolving Facility became fully secured. The Company had no outstanding borrowings and $350.0 million total available credit under the Revolving Facility as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.
On November 26, 2021, the Company entered into an indenture in connection with an offering of $600 million aggregate principal amount of its 6.00% senior unsecured notes due 2029 (the "Senior Notes"). The Senior Notes were issued at 100% of their par value. The Senior Notes are general unsecured obligations of the Company and are guaranteed by certain of the Company’s existing and future domestic subsidiaries.
The net proceeds from the Senior Notes were used to fund the purchase price, and related fees and expenses, of the Company’s tender offer to purchase $425 million of the Company’s common stock as discussed in Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements in the 2022 Annual Report. Any remaining proceeds were intended for future share repurchases or, to the extent the Company determines not to repurchase additional shares, for general corporate purposes.
11


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
At June 30, 2023, the Company was in compliance with all covenants related to its outstanding debt. See Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements in the 2022 Annual Report for further information regarding the Company's indebtedness.
Goodwill
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price paid over the fair value of the identifiable net tangible and intangible assets acquired in connection with business acquisitions. Progressive Leasing and Four are the only reporting units with goodwill as of June 30, 2023. Impairment occurs when the reporting unit's carrying value exceeds its fair value. The Company’s goodwill is not amortized but is subject to an impairment test at the reporting unit level annually as of October 1 and more frequently if events or circumstances indicate that an impairment may have occurred. Factors which could necessitate an interim impairment assessment include a sustained decline in the Company’s stock price, prolonged negative industry or economic trends and significant underperformance relative to historical results, projected future operating results, or the Company failing to successfully execute on one or more elements of Progressive Leasing and/or Four's strategic plans.
As of September 30, 2022, the Company determined the Four goodwill was partially impaired and recorded an impairment of goodwill of $10.2 million during the third quarter of 2022. The Company engaged the assistance of a third-party valuation firm to perform the interim goodwill impairment test for the Four reporting unit. This included an assessment of the Four reporting unit's fair value relative to the carrying value that was derived using a market approach. The market approach, which includes the guideline public company method, utilized pricing multiples derived from an analysis of other publicly traded companies that operate in the Buy Now, Pay Later industry. We believe the comparable companies we evaluated as marketplace participants served as an appropriate reference when calculating fair value because those companies have similar risks, participate in similar markets, provide similar products and services for their customers and compete with Four directly. As of June 30, 2023, Four's goodwill balance was $7.3 million. Additional goodwill impairment charges may occur in future periods if the Company fails to execute on one or more elements of Four's strategic plan, Four's actual or projected results are unfavorable compared to the current forecasted operating results, and/or there are further declines in the Buy Now, Pay Later peer market multiples.
The Company completed its annual goodwill impairment test for Progressive Leasing as of October 1, 2022 and concluded that no impairment had occurred. The Company determined that there were no events or circumstances that occurred during the six months ended June 30, 2023 that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of Progressive Leasing or Four below their carrying amounts.
12


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Shareholders' Equity
Changes in shareholders' equity for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 are as follows:
 Treasury StockCommon StockAdditional
Paid-in Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Shareholders’ Equity
(In Thousands)SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 2022(34,044)$(963,627)82,079 $41,039 $338,814 $1,154,235 $570,461 
Stock-Based Compensation— — — — 5,460 — 5,460 
Reissued Shares166 4,778 — — (7,171)— (2,393)
Repurchased Shares(1,459)(36,769)— — — — (36,769)
Net Earnings— — — — — 48,033 48,033 
Balance, March 31, 2023(35,337)$(995,618)82,079 $41,039 $337,103 $1,202,268 $584,792 
Stock-Based Compensation— — — — 6,886 — 6,886 
Reissued Shares52 1,439 — — (973)— 466 
Repurchased Shares(1,083)(35,713)— — — — (35,713)
Net Earnings— — — — — 37,218 37,218 
Balance, June 30, 2023(36,368)$(1,029,892)82,079 $41,039 $343,016 $1,239,486 $593,649 

 Treasury StockCommon StockAdditional
Paid-in Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Shareholders’ Equity
(In Thousands)SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 2021(25,638)$(749,401)82,079 $41,039 $332,244 $1,055,526 $679,408 
Stock-Based Compensation— — — — 6,587 — 6,587 
Reissued Shares177 5,260 — — (7,776)— (2,516)
Repurchased Shares(2,200)(78,080)— — — — (78,080)
Net Earnings— — — — — 27,135 27,135 
Balance, March 31, 2022(27,661)$(822,221)82,079 $41,039 $331,055 $1,082,661 $632,534 
Stock-Based Compensation— — — — 2,484 — 2,484 
Reissued Shares47 1,380 — — (716)— 664 
Repurchased Shares(3,899)(98,395)— — — — (98,395)
Net Earnings— — — — — 19,484 19,484 
Balance, June 30, 2022(31,513)$(919,236)82,079 $41,039 $332,823 $1,102,145 $556,771 
13


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Stock-Based Compensation
During the six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company issued 546,703 restricted stock units, 207,838 stock options, and 319,114 performance share units to certain employees, which vest over one to three-year periods for certain units and upon the achievement of specified performance conditions for other units. The weighted average fair value of the restricted stock and performance share awards was $25.25, which was based on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the dates of grant. The weighted average fair value of the stock option awards was $11.66, which was based on a grant date value using a Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model. The Company will recognize the grant date fair value of the restricted stock units and stock options as stock-based compensation expense over the requisite service period of one to three years. The Company will recognize the grant date fair value of the performance units as stock-based compensation expense over the estimated vesting period based on the Company's projected assessment of the performance conditions that are probable of being achieved in accordance with ASC 718, Stock-based Compensation.
Fair Value Measurement
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. To increase the comparability of fair value measures, the following hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation methodologies used to measure fair value:
Level 1—Valuations based on quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in active markets.
Level 2—Valuations based on observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3—Valuations based on unobservable inputs reflecting the Company's own assumptions, consistent with reasonably available assumptions made by other market participants. These valuations require significant judgment.
The Company measures a liability related to its non-qualified deferred compensation plan, which represents benefits accrued for plan participants and is valued at the quoted market prices of the participants' investment election, at fair value on a recurring basis. The Company maintains certain financial assets and liabilities that are not measured at fair value but for which fair value is disclosed.
The fair values of the Company's other current financial assets and liabilities, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable, approximate their carrying values due to their short-term nature. The fair value of any revolving credit borrowings also approximate their carrying amounts.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Pending Adoption
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform: Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting ("ASU 2020-04"). The standard provides temporary guidance to ease the potential burden in accounting for reference rate reform primarily resulting from the discontinuation of the London Interbank Overnight Rate ("LIBOR") or another reference rate expected to be discontinued. Entities may apply the provisions of the new standard as of the beginning of the reporting period when the election is made. The provisions of this update have been extended to December 31, 2024, when the reference rate replacement activity is expected to have been completed. The Company's Revolving Facility currently references LIBOR for determining interest payable on outstanding borrowings. The amendments in ASU 2020-04 are elective and apply to all entities that have contracts referencing LIBOR. The new guidance provides an expedient which simplifies accounting analyses under current U.S. GAAP for contract modifications if the change is directly related to a change from LIBOR to a new interest rate index. The Company amended the Revolving Facility agreement to change the reference rate from LIBOR to the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") during the three month period ended June 30, 2023. There were no other changes to key terms of the Revolving Facility agreement and the legal expenses incurred in connection with the amendment were immaterial.
14


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 2. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT
Financial Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table summarizes financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
(In Thousands)June 30, 2023December 31, 2022
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 1Level 2Level 3
Deferred Compensation Liability$ $2,264 $ $ $2,185 $ 
The Company maintains the PROG Holdings, Inc. Deferred Compensation Plan, which is an unfunded, nonqualified deferred compensation plan for a select group of management, highly compensated employees and non-employee directors. The liability is recorded in accounts payable and accrued expenses in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The liability represents benefits accrued for plan participants and is valued at the quoted market prices of the participants’ investment elections, which consist of equity and debt "mirror" funds. As such, the Company has classified the deferred compensation liability as a Level 2 liability.
Financial Assets and Liabilities Not Measured at Fair Value for Which Fair Value is Disclosed
Vive's loans receivable are measured at amortized cost, net of an allowance for loan losses and unamortized fees in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. In estimating fair value for Vive's loans receivable, the Company utilized a discounted cash flow methodology. The Company used various unobservable inputs reflecting its own assumptions, such as contractual future principal and interest cash flows, future loss rates, and discount rates (which consider current interest rates and are adjusted for credit risk, among other factors).
Four's loans receivable, net of an allowance for loan losses and unamortized fees, are included within loans receivable, net in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and approximated fair value based on a discounted cash flow methodology.
On November 26, 2021, the Company entered into an indenture in connection with its offering of $600 million aggregate principal amount of its Senior Notes due in 2029. The Senior Notes are carried at amortized cost in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and are measured at fair value for disclosure purposes. The fair value of the Senior Notes was estimated based on quoted market prices in less active markets and has been classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.
The following table summarizes the fair value of the Company's debt and the loans receivable held by Vive and Four: 
(In Thousands)June 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 1Level 2Level 3
Senior Notes$ $520,500 $ $ $481,320 $ 
Loans Receivable, Net$ $ $150,932 $ $ $165,690 
15


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 3. LOANS RECEIVABLE
The following is a summary of the Company’s loans receivable, net:
(In Thousands)June 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Loans Receivable, Gross$171,883 $184,601 
   Unamortized Fees(10,125)(11,207)
Loans Receivable, Amortized Cost161,758 173,394 
   Allowance for Loan Losses(38,946)(42,428)
Loans Receivable, Net of Allowances and Unamortized Fees1
$122,812 $130,966 
1 Loans Receivable, Net of Allowances and Unamortized Fees, attributable to Four was $2.9 million and $5.3 million as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.
The table below presents credit quality indicators of the amortized cost of the Company's loans receivable by origination year:
(In Thousands)
As of June 30, 2023
202320222021 and PriorRevolving LoansTotal
FICO Score Category:
600 or Less$ $ $ $11,238 $11,238 
Between 600 and 700   126,429 126,429 
700 or Greater   20,418 20,418 
No Score Identified3,673    3,673 
Total Amortized Cost$3,673 $ $ $158,085 $161,758 
Gross Charge-offs by Origination Year for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2023$526 $2,449 $ $20,645 $23,620 
Included in the table below is an aging of the loans receivable, gross balance:
(Dollar Amounts in Thousands)
Aging CategoryJune 30, 2023December 31, 2022
30-59 Days Past Due6.1 %6.6 %
60-89 Days Past Due3.3 %3.5 %
90 or More Days Past Due4.5 %5.1 %
Past Due Loans Receivable13.9 %15.2 %
Current Loans Receivable86.1 %84.8 %
Balance of Credit Card Loans on Nonaccrual Status3,834 4,436 
Balance of Loans Receivable 90 or More Days Past Due and Still Accruing Interest and Fees$ $ 
The table below presents the components of the allowance for loan losses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(In Thousands)2023202220232022
Beginning Balance$39,781 $40,279 $42,428 $40,789 
Provision for Loan Losses8,791 8,778 17,505 16,460 
Charge-offs(10,882)(9,286)(23,620)(18,674)
Recoveries1,256 1,026 2,633 2,222 
Ending Balance$38,946 $40,797 $38,946 $40,797 
16


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 4. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal and Regulatory Proceedings
From time to time, the Company is party to various legal and regulatory proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business.
Some of the proceedings to which the Company is currently a party are described below. The Company believes it has meritorious defenses to all of the claims described below, and intends to vigorously defend against the claims. However, these proceedings are still developing and due to the inherent uncertainty in litigation, regulatory and similar adversarial proceedings, there can be no guarantee that the Company will ultimately be successful in these proceedings, or in others to which it is currently a party. Substantial losses from these proceedings or the costs of defending them could have a material adverse impact upon the Company’s business, financial position and results of operations.
The Company establishes an accrued liability for legal and regulatory proceedings when it determines that a loss is both probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. The Company continually monitors its litigation and regulatory exposure and reviews the adequacy of its legal and regulatory reserves on a quarterly basis. The amount of any loss ultimately incurred in relation to matters for which an accrual has been established may be higher or lower than the amounts accrued for such matters.
At June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had accrued $1.1 million and $0.6 million, respectively, for pending legal and regulatory matters for which it believes losses are probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. The Company records its best estimate of the loss to legal and regulatory liabilities in accounts payable and accrued expenses in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company estimates the aggregate range of reasonably possible loss in excess of accrued liabilities for such probable loss contingencies is immaterial. Those matters for which a probable loss cannot be reasonably estimated are not included within the estimated ranges.
At June 30, 2023, the Company estimated that the aggregate range of loss for all material pending legal and regulatory proceedings for which a loss is reasonably possible, but less likely than probable (i.e., excluding the contingencies described in the preceding paragraph), is immaterial. Those matters for which a reasonable estimate is not possible are not included within estimated ranges and, therefore, the estimated ranges do not represent the Company's maximum loss exposure. The Company’s estimates for legal and regulatory accruals, aggregate probable loss amounts and reasonably possible loss amounts are all subject to the uncertainties and variables described above.
Regulatory Inquiries
In January 2021, the Company, along with other lease-to-own companies, received a subpoena from the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (the "DFPI") requesting the production of documents regarding the Company’s compliance with state consumer protection laws, including new legislation that went into effect on January 1, 2021. Although the Company believes it is in compliance with all applicable consumer financial laws and regulations in California, this inquiry may lead to an enforcement action and/or a consent order, and substantial costs, including legal fees, fines, penalties, and remediation expenses. While the Company intends to preserve defenses surrounding the jurisdiction of DFPI in this matter, it has fully cooperated, and anticipates continuing to cooperate, with the DFPI in responding to its inquiry.
Litigation Matters
On August 25, 2022, the Pennsylvania Attorney General filed a complaint against Progressive Leasing in the Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas alleging, among other things, that Progressive Leasing was operating in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in violation of the Pennsylvania Rental Purchase Agreement Act by failing to disclose certain terms and conditions of rent-to-own ("RTO") transactions on "hang tags" physically attached to RTO merchandise. The complaint seeks, among other things, to convert all RTO agreements entered into by Progressive Leasing prior to September 9, 2022 into retail installment contracts for which the maximum interest rate is 6% per annum, civil penalties in the amount of $1,000 for each violation of Pennsylvania’s Unfair Trade Practices and Consumer Protection Law (and $3,000 for each such violation involving a consumer age 60 or older) and unspecified investigation and prosecution costs. Progressive Leasing believes the Pennsylvania Attorney General’s claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend itself in this matter. It is reasonably possible that a loss in excess of amounts accrued may be incurred, but at this time, we are unable to predict the outcome or reasonably estimate the range of losses that could potentially result from this lawsuit.
17


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Other Contingencies
Management regularly assesses the Company’s insurance deductibles, monitors the Company's litigation and regulatory exposure with the Company's attorneys and evaluates its loss experience. The Company also enters into various contracts in the normal course of business that may subject it to risk of financial loss if counterparties fail to perform their contractual obligations.
Off-Balance Sheet Risk
The Company, through its Vive segment, had unconditionally cancellable unfunded lending commitments totaling $533.0 million and $513.7 million as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively, that do not give rise to revenues and cash flows. These unfunded commitments arise in the ordinary course of business from credit card agreements with individual cardholders that give them the ability to borrow, against unused amounts, up to the maximum credit limit assigned to their account. While these unfunded amounts represent the total available unused lines of credit, the Company does not anticipate that all cardholders will utilize their entire available line at any given point in time. Commitments to extend unsecured credit are agreements to lend to a cardholder so long as there is no violation of any condition established in the contract. Commitments generally have fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses. Since many of the commitments are expected to expire without being drawn upon, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements.
18


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 5. RESTRUCTURING EXPENSES
During 2022, the Company initiated restructuring activities intended to reduce expenses, consolidate certain segment corporate headquarters, and align the cost structure of the business with the Company's near-term revenue outlook. The Company continued such activities during the first half of 2023 and recorded restructuring expenses of $1.0 million and $1.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectfully, resulting in aggregate expenses of $10.7 million since the inception of the restructuring activities in 2022. These costs were primarily comprised of employee severance within Progressive Leasing and operating lease right-of-use asset impairment charges related to the relocation of the Vive corporate headquarters to the Company's corporate office building and a reduction of call center office space. The Company will continue to monitor the impacts of changes in macroeconomic conditions on its businesses and may take additional steps to further adjust the Company's cost structure based on unfavorable changes in these conditions, which may result in further restructuring charges in future periods.
The following tables summarize restructuring charges recorded within operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023:
Three Months Ended June 30, 2023Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
(In Thousands)Progressive LeasingViveOtherTotalProgressive LeasingViveOtherTotal
Severance$930 $ $ $930 $3,535 $ $ $3,535 
Right-of-Use Asset Impairment     655  655 
Other Restructuring Activities33   33 138   138 
Total Restructuring Expenses$963 $ $ $963 $3,673 $655 $ $4,328 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2023Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
(In Thousands)Progressive LeasingViveOtherTotalProgressive LeasingViveOtherTotal
Severance$1,723 $ $ $1,723 $3,535 $ $ $3,535 
Right-of-Use Asset Impairment     655  655 
Other Restructuring Activities(3)  (3)138   138 
Total Restructuring Expenses$1,720 $ $ $1,720 $3,673 $655 $ $4,328 
The following table summarizes the accrual and payment activity related to the restructuring program for the six months ended June 30, 2023:
(In Thousands)Severance Other Restructuring ActivitiesTotal
Balance at December 31, 2022$3,061 $42 $3,103 
Charges1,723 (3)1,720 
Cash Payments(1,564)(4)(1,568)
Balance at June 30, 2023$3,220 $35 $3,255 
19


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 6. SEGMENTS
As of June 30, 2023, the Company has two reportable segments: Progressive Leasing and Vive.
Progressive Leasing partners with traditional and e-commerce retailers, primarily in the consumer residential electronics, furniture and appliance, jewelry, mobile phones and accessories, mattresses, and automobile electronics and accessories industries to offer a lease-purchase solution primarily for customers who may not have access to traditional credit-based financing options. It does so by offering leases with monthly, semi-monthly, bi-weekly and weekly payment frequencies.
Vive offers a variety of second-look financing programs originated through third-party federally insured banks to customers of participating merchants and, together with Progressive Leasing, allows the Company to provide POS partners with near-prime and below-prime customers one source for financing and leasing transactions.
Four is an innovative BNPL company that allows shoppers to pay for merchandise through four interest-free installments. Four is not a reportable segment for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 as its financial results are not material to the Company's condensed consolidated financial results. The revenues, loss before income taxes, and assets within "other" below are primarily comprised of the operating activities of Four.
Disaggregated Revenue
The following table presents revenue by source and by segment for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022:
Three Months Ended June 30, 2023Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
(In Thousands)Progressive LeasingViveOtherTotalProgressive LeasingViveOtherTotal
Lease Revenues and Fees1
$574,839 $ $ $574,839 $631,344 $ $ $631,344 
Interest and Fees on Loans Receivable2
 17,187 820 18,007  17,518 582 18,100 
Total $574,839 $17,187 $820 $592,846 $631,344 $17,518 $582 $649,444 
1 Revenue within the scope of ASC 842, Leases.
2 Revenue within the scope of ASC 310, Receivables.
Six Months Ended June 30, 2023Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
(In Thousands)Progressive LeasingViveOtherTotalProgressive LeasingViveOtherTotal
Lease Revenues and Fees1
$1,211,921 $ $ $1,211,921 $1,324,258 $ $ $1,324,258 
Interest and Fees on Loans Receivable2
 34,340 1,725 36,065  34,634 1,016 35,650 
Total $1,211,921 $34,340 $1,725 $1,247,986 $1,324,258 $34,634 $1,016 $1,359,908 
1 Revenue within the scope of ASC 842, Leases.
2 Revenue within the scope of ASC 310, Receivables.
Measurement of Segment Profit or Loss and Segment Assets
The Company evaluates performance and allocates resources based on revenues and earnings (loss) before income taxes from operations. The Company determines earnings (loss) before income tax expense for all reportable segments in accordance with U.S. GAAP. A portion of interest expense is allocated from the Progressive Leasing segment to the Vive segment based on the balance of outstanding intercompany debt.
20


PROG HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The Company incurred various corporate overhead expenses for certain executive management, finance, treasury, tax, audit, legal, risk management, and other overhead functions during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022. Corporate overhead expenses incurred are primarily reflected as expenses of the Progressive Leasing segment and an immaterial amount was allocated to the Vive segment and Other. The allocation of corporate overhead costs to Progressive Leasing, Vive and Other is consistent with how the chief operating decision maker analyzed performance and allocated resources among the segments of the Company during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022. The following is a summary of earnings before income tax expense by segment:
Three Months Ended June 30,
(In Thousands)20232022
Earnings Before Income Tax Expense:
Progressive Leasing$55,422 $27,383 
Vive1,758 3,355 
Other(5,166)(3,409)
Total Earnings Before Income Tax Expense$52,014 $27,329 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In Thousands)20232022
Earnings Before Income Tax Expense:
Progressive Leasing$126,473 $69,464 
Vive3,921 7,778 
Other(10,793)(10,077)
Total Earnings Before Income Tax Expense$119,601 $67,165 
The following is a summary of interest expense, net by segment:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(In Thousands)2023202220232022
Interest Expense, Net:
Interest Expense:
Progressive Leasing$9,506 $9,573 $18,913 $19,101 
Vive166 83 457 189 
Other    
Interest Income:
Progressive Leasing$(2,389)$(48)$(3,596)$(53)
Vive    
Other    
Total Interest Expense, Net$7,283 $9,608 $15,774 $19,237 
The following is a summary of total assets by segment:
(In Thousands)June 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Assets:
Progressive Leasing$1,300,629 $1,309,487 
Vive149,005 155,846 
Other33,423 26,576 
Total Assets$1,483,057 $1,491,909 
21


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Information: Except for historical information contained herein, the matters set forth in this Form 10-Q are forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management’s current expectations and plans, which involve risks and uncertainties. Such forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "plan," "project," "would," "should," and similar expressions. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the filing date of this Quarterly Report and which involve risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in these statements. These risks and uncertainties include factors that could cause our actual results and financial condition to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, among others, those discussed in "Item 1A. Risk Factors" in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022 (the "2022 Annual Report"). Except as required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances after the filing date of this Quarterly Report.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, including the notes to those statements, appearing elsewhere in this report. We also suggest that management’s discussion and analysis appearing in this report be read in conjunction with the management’s discussion and analysis and consolidated financial statements included in our 2022 Annual Report.
Business Overview
PROG Holdings, Inc. ("we," "our," "us," the "Company," or "PROG Holdings") is a financial technology holding company that provides transparent and competitive payment options to consumers. PROG Holdings has two reportable segments: (i) Progressive Leasing, an in-store, app-based, and e-commerce point-of-sale lease-to-own solutions provider; and (ii) Vive Financial ("Vive"), an omnichannel provider of second-look revolving credit products.
Our Progressive Leasing segment provides consumers with lease-purchase solutions through its point-of-sale partner locations and e-commerce website partners (collectively, "POS partners"). It does so by purchasing the merchandise from the POS partners desired by customers and, in turn, leasing that merchandise to the customers through a cancellable lease-to-own transaction. Progressive Leasing has no stores of its own, but rather offers lease-purchase solutions to the customers of traditional and e-commerce retailers.
Our Vive segment primarily serves customers that may not qualify for traditional prime lending offers who desire to purchase goods and services from participating merchants. Vive offers customized programs with services that include revolving loans through private label and Vive-branded credit cards. Vive's current network of POS partner locations and e-commerce websites includes furniture, mattresses, home exercise equipment, and home improvement retailers, as well as medical and dental service providers.
On June 25, 2021, the Company completed the acquisition of Four Technologies, Inc. ("Four"), an innovative Buy Now, Pay Later company that allows shoppers to pay for merchandise through four interest-free installments. Four’s proprietary platform capabilities and its base of customers and retailers expand PROG Holdings’ ecosystem of financial technology offerings by introducing a payment solution that further diversifies the Company's consumer financial technology offerings. Shoppers use Four to purchase furniture, clothing, electronics, health and beauty products, footwear, jewelry, and other consumer goods from retailers across the United States. Four is not expected to be a reportable segment in 2023 as its financial results are not expected to be material to the Company's consolidated financial results in 2023. Four's financial results are reported within "Other" for segment reporting purposes.
Macroeconomic and Business Environment
The Company continues to operate in a challenging macroeconomic environment. We believe the rapid increase in the rate of inflation during 2022, and higher year-over-year inflation continuing in 2023, particularly in housing, food, and gas costs, has disproportionately negatively affected the customers we serve and has resulted in an unfavorable impact on our lease portfolio performance and Gross Merchandise Volume ("GMV") during 2022 and the first half of 2023. While the inflation rate for the second quarter of 2023 was well below the peak levels it reached during the same quarter of 2022, we believe inflation continues to present a challenge to our customers. Customer payment delinquencies and uncollectible renewal payments experienced within our Progressive Leasing segment during much of 2022 significantly exceeded levels experienced during pre-pandemic periods. In response to increasing customer delinquencies and higher write-offs, Progressive Leasing tightened its lease decisioning several times during 2022, resulting in fewer lease approvals and an adverse impact on GMV in 2022 and the first half of 2023. Levels of customer payment delinquencies and uncollectible renewal payments for leases originated after Progressive Leasing further tightened its lease decisioning in mid-2022 improved to levels consistent with pre-pandemic lease portfolio performance. However, any meaningful increase in unemployment rates and/or a recession in the United States may
22


result in increasing levels of customer payment delinquencies and related write-offs, which would result in an unfavorable impact on our performance.
The significant increase in inflation and interest rates, and fears of a possible recession have also unfavorably impacted consumer confidence within our customer base, resulting in a decrease in demand for the types of merchandise offered by many of our key national and regional POS partners. In light of these macroeconomic challenges and to align the cost structure of our business with our near-term revenue outlook, the Company executed on a number of cost reduction initiatives during 2022 and the first half of 2023 to drive efficiencies and right-size variable costs, while attempting to minimize the negative impact on growth-related initiatives.
Highlights
The following summarizes significant financial highlights from the three months ended June 30, 2023:
We reported revenues of $592.8 million, a decrease of 8.7% compared to the second quarter of 2022. The decrease in revenues was primarily due to a 13.9% decrease in consolidated GMV for the three months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the same period in the prior year, due to tightened lease decisioning by Progressive Leasing in mid-2022, and decreased customer demand for many of the products offered by our POS partners. Revenues were also impacted by a smaller lease portfolio at the beginning of the quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2022, and a decline in the number of customers electing to exercise early lease buyouts when compared to the same period in the prior year. The decline in revenues was partially offset by improved customer payment activity in the second quarter of 2023, as compared to the second quarter of 2022.
GMV decreased by $72.8 million for Progressive Leasing and $7.2 million for Vive in the second quarter of 2023, compared to the same period in the prior year. These decreases were due to tighter lease and loan decisioning, resulting in fewer lease and loan originations, and the rate of inflation eroding customers' disposable incomes and reducing their demand for many of the goods sold by our POS partners. These negative impacts were partially offset by GMV from our other operations, which increased by $3.2 million primarily due to an increase in Four loan originations in the second quarter of 2023 compared to the second quarter of 2022.
Earnings before income taxes increased to $52.0 million compared to $27.3 million in the same period in 2022. The increase was primarily driven by improved customer payment activity, fewer customers electing early lease buyouts, lower restructuring costs, and an increase in interest income on the Company's cash and cash equivalent deposits resulting from higher interest rates, partially offset by higher stock-based compensation expense.
Key Operating Metrics
Gross Merchandise Volume. We believe GMV is a key performance indicator of our Progressive Leasing and Vive segments, as it provides the total value of new leases and loans written into our portfolio over a specified time period. GMV does not represent revenues earned by the Company, but rather is a leading indicator we use in forecasting revenues the Company may earn in the short-term. Progressive Leasing's GMV is defined as the retail price of merchandise acquired by Progressive Leasing, which it then expects to lease to its customers. GMV for Vive and Other are defined as gross loan originations.
The following table presents our GMV for the Company for the periods presented:
Three Months Ended June 30,Change
(Unaudited and In Thousands)20232022$%
Progressive Leasing$421,220 $494,003 $(72,783)(14.7)%
Vive39,850 47,003 (7,153)(15.2)
Other14,600 11,394 3,206 28.1 
Total GMV$475,670 $552,400 $(76,730)(13.9)%
The decrease in Progressive Leasing's and Vive's GMV was primarily due to our tighter lease and loan decisioning in mid 2022 to address the unfavorable economic conditions that were present in 2022, resulting in fewer lease and loan approvals, and also due to the rate of inflation eroding customers' disposable incomes and their demand for many of the goods sold by our POS partners. We believe these factors have unfavorably impacted the generation of new leases and loans. E-commerce channels generated 15.0% of Progressive Leasing's GMV in the second quarter of 2023 compared to 15.6% in the second quarter of 2022. The decrease in total GMV was partially offset by an increase in GMV from our other operations, primarily due to an increase in Four loan originations.
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Active Customer Count. Our active customer count represents the total number of customers that have an active lease agreement with Progressive Leasing, or an active loan with Vive or Four. The following table presents our consolidated active customer count, which includes an immaterial number of customers that have both an active lease agreement and loan agreement, for the Company for the periods presented:
As of June 30 (Unaudited and In Thousands)20232022
Active Customer Count:
Progressive Leasing843 965 
Vive90 90 
Other23 22 
Total Active Customer Count956 1,077 
The decrease in the number of Progressive Leasing customers was primarily due to a decrease in customer demand for the types of merchandise typically purchased through our lease-to-own solutions and the tightening of our lease decisioning in 2022 to address the unfavorable economic conditions that were driving higher customer payment delinquencies and uncollectible renewal payments during much of 2022. The number of Vive and Other customers remained consistent compared to the second quarter of 2022.
Key Components of Earnings Before Income Taxes
In this MD&A section, we review our condensed consolidated results. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and the comparable prior year period, some of the key revenue, cost and expense items that affected earnings before income taxes were as follows:
Revenues. We separate our total revenues into two components: (i) lease revenues and fees and (ii) interest and fees on loans receivable. Lease revenues and fees include all revenues derived from lease agreements from our Progressive Leasing segment. Lease revenues are recorded net of a provision for uncollectible renewal payments. Interest and fees on loans receivable represents merchant fees, finance charges and annual and other fees earned on outstanding loans in our Vive segment and, to a lesser extent, from Four.
Depreciation of Lease Merchandise. Depreciation of lease merchandise primarily reflects the expense associated with depreciating merchandise leased to customers by Progressive Leasing.
Provision for Lease Merchandise Write-offs. The provision for lease merchandise write-offs represents the estimated merchandise losses incurred but not yet identified by management and adjustments for changes in estimates for the allowance for lease merchandise write-offs.
Operating Expenses. Operating expenses include personnel costs, stock-based compensation expense, occupancy costs, advertising, professional services expense, sales acquisition expense, computer software expense, bank service charges, the provision for loan losses, fixed asset depreciation expense, intangible asset amortization, and restructuring, among other expenses.
Interest Expense, Net. Interest expense, net consists of interest incurred on the Company's Senior Notes and senior secured revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Facility"). Interest expense is presented net of interest income earned on the Company's deposits in cash and cash equivalents.
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Results of Operations – Three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022
 Three Months Ended
June 30,
Change
(In Thousands)20232022$%
REVENUES:
Lease Revenues and Fees$574,839 $631,344 $(56,505)(8.9)%
Interest and Fees on Loans Receivable18,007 18,100 (93)(0.5)
592,846 649,444 (56,598)(8.7)
COSTS AND EXPENSES:
Depreciation of Lease Merchandise384,874 439,113 (54,239)(12.4)
Provision for Lease Merchandise Write-Offs40,965 61,788 (20,823)(33.7)
Operating Expenses107,710 111,606 (3,896)(3.5)
533,549 612,507 (78,958)(12.9)
OPERATING PROFIT59,297 36,937 22,360 60.5 
Interest Expense, Net(7,283)(9,608)2,325 24.2 
EARNINGS BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE52,014 27,329 24,685 90.3 
INCOME TAX EXPENSE14,796 7,845 6,951 88.6 
NET EARNINGS$37,218 $19,484 $17,734 91.0 %
Revenues
Information about our revenues by source and reportable segment is as follows: 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2023Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
(In Thousands)Progressive LeasingViveOtherTotalProgressive LeasingViveOtherTotal
Lease Revenues and Fees$574,839 $— $— $574,839 $631,344 $— $— $631,344 
Interest and Fees on Loans Receivable
— 17,187 820 18,007 — 17,518 582 18,100 
Total $574,839 $17,187 $820 $592,846 $631,344 $17,518 $582 $649,444 
The decrease in Progressive Leasing revenues was primarily due to a 14.7% decrease in Progressive Leasing's GMV for the three months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the same period in the prior year, due to tightened lease decisioning beginning in mid-2022, and decreased customer demand for many of the products offered by our POS partners. Revenues were also impacted by a smaller lease portfolio at the beginning of the quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2022, and a decline in the number of customers electing to exercise early lease buyouts when compared to the same period in the prior year. The decline in revenues was partially offset by improved customer payment activity in the second quarter of 2023, as compared to the second quarter of 2022. Vive and Other revenues remained relatively flat as compared to the second quarter of 2022.
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Operating Expenses
Information about certain significant components of operating expenses for the second quarter of 2023 as compared to the second quarter of 2022 is as follows:
 Three Months Ended
June 30,
Change
(In Thousands)20232022$%
Personnel Costs1
$46,852 $49,282 $(2,430)(4.9)%
Stock-Based Compensation6,845 2,417 4,428 183.2 
Occupancy Costs1,296 1,740 (444)(25.5)
Advertising3,637 3,543 94 2.7 
Professional Services7,149 6,317 832 13.2 
Sales Acquisition Expense2
6,726 7,796 (1,070)(13.7)
Computer Software Expense3
6,412 6,522 (110)(1.7)
Bank Service Charges2,719 3,082 (363)(11.8)
Other Sales, General and Administrative Expense8,404 9,262 (858)(9.3)
Sales, General and Administrative Expense4
90,040 89,961 79 0.1 
Provision for Loan Losses8,791 8,778 13 0.1 
Depreciation and Amortization7,916 8,539 (623)(7.3)
Restructuring Expense963 4,328 (3,365)(77.7)
Operating Expenses$107,710 $111,606 $(3,896)(3.5)%
1 Personnel costs excludes stock-based compensation expense, which is reported separately in the operating expense table.
2 Sales acquisition expense includes vendor incentives and rebates to POS partners, external sales commissions, amortization of initial direct costs and amounts paid to various POS partners to be their exclusive provider of lease-to-own solutions.
3 Computer software expense consists primarily of software subscription fees, licensing fees and non-capitalizable software implementation costs.
4 Progressive Leasing's sales, general and administrative expense was $78.3 million and $81.9 million during the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
The decrease in personnel costs of $2.4 million was driven primarily by a decrease of $3.0 million at Progressive Leasing, attributable to its reduction in the number of employees during the second half of 2022 as part of its restructuring and cost cutting initiatives. Personnel costs attributable to Four and other strategic businesses also decreased by $0.2 million compared to the same period in 2022. These decreases were partially offset by an increase of $0.8 million at Vive.
Stock-based compensation increased $4.4 million compared to the same period in 2022, consisting of increases of $2.3 million at Progressive Leasing, $1.9 million at Four and other strategic businesses, and $0.2 million at Vive. The increases at Progressive Leasing and Four were primarily due to the Company determining in the second quarter of 2022 that tranches of performance stock units granted earlier in 2022 were no longer probable of being earned, resulting in the reversal of stock-based compensation expense. Stock-based compensation was also impacted by increases to the estimated number of performance stock units expected to be earned from those granted in 2023, resulting in an increase of stock-based compensation expense for these awards during the second quarter of 2023.
Restructuring expense decreased $3.4 million due to a decline in restructuring activities during the three months ended June 30, 2023 compared to the same period in 2022. For the three months ended June 30, 2023, restructuring costs were primarily related to employee severance within Progressive Leasing. For the same period in 2022, restructuring costs included a higher amount of employee severance within Progressive Leasing, in addition to operating lease right-of-use asset impairment charges related to the relocation of the Vive corporate headquarters and a reduction of Progressive Leasing call center office space.
Other Costs and Expenses
Depreciation of lease merchandise. Depreciation of lease merchandise decreased by 12.4% during the three months ended June 30, 2023 compared to the same period in 2022. The decrease was primarily due to the decline in GMV resulting from Progressive Leasing's tightening of its decisioning in mid-2022. As a percentage of total lease revenues and fees, depreciation of lease merchandise decreased to 67.0% from 69.6% in the prior year quarter, primarily d